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Zak

@Zak@lemmy.world

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  • Zak ,
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    There seems to be a lot of misunderstanding about how federated services work. Everything you do on Lemmy is broadcast to the world. Anybody who wants to can follow/subscribe to any account or community on Lemmy and the server hosting that account or community will send every post and every comment to the subscriber's server as soon as it's posted.

    The software they're running doesn't have to be Lemmy and doesn't need to be very visible to end users. Admins who are looking for that kind of behavior might notice if the data harvester wasn't trying to hide their activity, but even a modicum of effort would be sufficient to go unnoticed. They'd just look like any other self-hosted or single-user server running Mastodon, Pleroma, Misskey, etc....

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  • Zak ,
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    It's enshittification.

    Facebook used to be a pretty good way to stay vaguely in touch with people you know. You can only really know a few hundred people, most of whom didn't constantly post on Facebook even when that was a good experience, so Facebook had a limit on the amount of interesting content people would find there. People won't stay on the site and look at ads if it runs out of content, so they had to start sourcing it from elsewhere to satiate those few users who just can't get enough.

    The problem is for people who can get enough, things their actual friends and family share get lost in the noise. Over time, most people shared less there because the sort of life updates that are only interesting to one's friends weren't actually reaching those friends. Now it's mostly professionally generated content.

    I'm talking more about Facebook here than other things that might be classed as social media because it was originally more explicitly designed for interactions with one's actual real-life social group. Things designed more for publishing to the entire world (Twitter, Mastodon) and topic-centered forum-like things (Reddit, Lemmy) haven't changed as much.

    Zak ,
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    Voting in the Republican primary is not the same thing as voting for Republicans. It could even be an act of sabotage against the Republicans depending on the election.

    Zak ,
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    First of all, I hope you have root. File recovery requires direct access to storage, and that's not possible without root. Unlocking the bootloader to gain root erases encryption keys, which will make previously deleted files unrecoverable.

    I'm a little surprised a quick web search doesn't find an Android port of PhotoRec.

    I just tested DiskDigger on a device running LineageOS 20 (Android 13), and it did not find any recoverable files with a full storage scan even though I deleted several jpegs immediately before running it. The non-root deleted photos scan did find some images, but that won't help you with audio files.

    Zak ,
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    It is not, and it's also unlikely to work based on my recent test.

    Zak ,
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    This article starts out as a good overview for beginners, but gets into some factual errors starting from the double-action-only section.

    DAO pistols do not usually have two reset points; that's a characteristic of the SIG DAK system not found on other pistols.

    As for striker-fired pistols, they can be single-action, double-action, or the intermediate design Glock popularized. Hammer-fired guns can also be intermediate with the HK LEM system being a prominent example.

    Are there more child predators in the USA or is it just being recorded more often because of cameras being everywhere?

    I am a sexual abuse victim as a toddler. I am 60 and I still have cPTSD and need counseling. I cut off all local news to help with depression and anxiety and only read what I choose, yet in the past week there are literally over a dozen new cases with attempted kidnappings, peepers in bathrooms and showers, multiple rapes, CSAM...

    Zak ,
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    There has also been a cultural and legal shift such that family and community members are less likely to cover it up and more likely to report it than a few decades ago.

    Zak ,
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    The Wikipedia article on CPTSD would be a good place to start. It does not just go away after a long enough time.

    How do I get property buyers to stop harassing me?

    The same company has been harassing for the better part a year now wanting to buy a property I don't own. I have filled a DO NOT CALL registration, I have blocked their numbers multiple times, I have told them to stop calling and to remove my name from their list, and now I'm getting maybe 1 or 2 calls a day and multiple texts.

    Zak ,
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    Assuming USA, sue them. They owe you $500 per call after your number has been on the do-not-call registry for 31 days or after you told them not to call you again. If the violation was willful, they owe $1500 per call.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telephone_Consumer_Protection_Act_of_1991

    What is the best way for a society to address adolescent autonomous agency, responsibility, and consent?

    I recall many times growing up when I felt like my inalienable fundamental human rights were violated in unjust autocratic ways, mostly at school. There was also the time of being a year older than my partner but the potential of ridiculous arbitrary laws having major consequences....

    Zak ,
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    There are some things that aren't all or nothing the day someone turns 18 in many jurisdictions, and more of that kind of thinking would probably be wise. Some examples:

    • Driver's licenses often have restrictions when people first start driving, such as limits on time of day or number of passengers
    • In many jurisdictions, consensual sex between a young adult and a minor some small number of years younger (three, for example) is not criminal
    • In many jurisdictions, teenagers under 18 are allowed to work, but there are stricter rules about working hours and hazardous conditions than for adults
    • In many jurisdictions, school is mandatory for children, but becomes optional before the age of 18
    • Minors in some jurisdictions may petition a court to be emancipated from their guardians and be treated as legal adults before they're 18 if they can demonstrate self-sufficiency

    That's largely independent of conditions in schools being unfair to students or not especially conducive to learning.

    Zak ,
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    There's already a way to do this using Mastodon and a bit of Javascript. I use that on my flashlight review website and also link the comments to !flashlight.

    It's not as slick a UX as Disqus of course, and it would be cool if somebody made that.

    Zak ,
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    Those sound like good ideas in theory, but your phone's battery would last about 2 hours if you did this.

    The heavy lifting, like tagging the content of millions of videos probably needs to be done somewhere other than the end-user's mobile device. Some sorting and filtering of text-based metadata on the user's device to pick what videos to see next is viable though.

    Zak ,
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    Is ActivityPub a good fit for chat? Trying to make every kind of interaction fit into a single protocol sounds like a recipe for a bad protocol.

    Zak ,
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    Zak ,
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    I certainly can moderate comments; I am the admin of the Mastodon server in question.

    What wouldn't work so well is to host comments on someone else's Mastodon server, so it's not a good fit for a low-tech/low-overhead site. There's definitely a space for something with a lower barrier to entry, but I don't think it fits well with the nonprofit, community-oriented approach to servers running most of the fediverse. Those users would be best served by a commercial subscription service.

    Why do posts frequently get removed on Lemmy when Reddit would not remove them?

    If a topic is in any way controversial, there's a good chance it will get removed, when I'm sure the same content wouldn't get removed on Reddit. I know it depends on subs and instances but I mean more generally, and for example AskLemmy vs AskReddit. Reddit seems to have more leeway for things, whereas Lemmy doesn't and seems...

    Zak ,
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    2 days ago mod Removed Post What are the best sweet vegetables and savory fruits?
    reason: rule 3 and 5
    

    I imagine the moderator feels that you are flooding the community with nonsense as described in the rule about spam. It's likely that moderators in communities with fewer posts and fewer voters take a more active role in removing content they feel is low-quality, while post volume and voting would hide such content from most users in a higher-volume community.

    Zak ,
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    It depends on the perspective from which you're asking the question.

    Here's a question from a sociological perspective:

    What laws, policies, and programs would lead to fewer people developing drug addictions and engaging in theft to obtain drugs?

    There are answers to those questions. We know people with stable housing, good jobs, strong social networks, and mental health care are less likely to get addicted to drugs and commit crimes to fuel their addiction.

    Here's a question from an individual perspective:

    Should Johnny be punished for cutting catalytic converters off other peoples' cars to fund his meth habit?

    I think most of us would say yes, even if he wouldn't have developed the meth habit if his life didn't suck due to factors beyond his control.

    Zak ,
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    I'm always up for a bit of controversy. I like the basic ungrounded American plug (NEMA 1-15).

    It has no safety features. Just about every American has shocked themselves with it once, but very few have done it twice. I like it because it's compact, and that leads to some conveniences:

    • It works great in folding designs for portable power supplies. I've seen folding implementations of Europlug and even British plugs, but they're not as compact.
    • It works great for ultra-compact splitters and many-outlet power strips. Yes, you can be dumb and overload these, but we have a whole lot of low-power electronics in the modern world such that it's not hard to have a dozen devices each pulling less than an Amp. Multi-port USB power supplies are starting to mitigate this a bit.
    • It doesn't have shutters (by default), so it's easy to plug things in. Every plug type I've encountered with shutters takes a lot of force and sometimes binds.
    Zak ,
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    You haven't? I guess most people I know were dumber as kids that you were.

    Zak ,
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    Probably NEMA 1-15, the ungrounded North American plug. Magic plugs are also quite compact.

    Zak ,
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    It's possible to touch the pins with your finger when the plug is partially inserted into the socket. It's especially possible with child-size fingers.

    Many of the other plug designs, like Europlug have half-insulated pins to prevent this.

    Zak ,
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    But try that with the European 50 Hz 240 V

    I have. It hurts more.

    It's probably somewhat more dangerous than 110V if the circuit goes from one hand, through the chest, into the other hand. Most shocks involving a plug just go through a finger.

    Zak ,
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    It has ads? I guess my adblocker works then.

    Zak ,
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    This app wants root and despite being open source according to that link, isnt in the official F-Droid repo. I'm skeptical about trusting it.

    Zak ,
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    It's reasonable for an app like this to need root, but also reasonable for everyone to ask for third-party verification of anything they're granting administrative access to their devices.

    Izzydroid's security policy appears to be primarily based around automated scans that enumerate badness, and has far fewer users than the official F-Droid repository making it less likely that problems will be noticed, reported, and acted on.

    Is there more reputation information about this app available?

    Zak ,
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    I'm not complaining. I'm asking for some evidence this app is trustworthy.

    Security is not binary. Having root can be bad for security, but it doesn't have to be especially if you're careful about what apps you grant root to, which is the point of my original comment. Having root can also be a security benefit because it offers more opportunities for detecting and blocking harmful and privacy-invasive apps, as this app does (if it's trustworthy).

    I don't think F-Droid with the official repositories is a negative for security either; I suspect it's less likely to contain outright malware than Google Play, and I'm sure the average app on F-Droid is less likely to be privacy-invasive. Adding random repositories suggested by strangers on the internet can be a different story, and asking who can vouch for the one suggested in this thread seems like a reasonable mitigation to me.

    Zak ,
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    There may be some other comments being unfair. People shouldn't complain about free software someone else gives to them falling short of perfection, but we should be careful about granting random apps root permissions.

    Having root is almost never a security benefit, it allows you to close one hole, but opens up 10 new more

    I think it's more like two:

    • If an app granted root privileges is compromised, the damage it can cause is much greater
    • The bootloader has to be unlocked for most approaches to gaining root; I consider it a design flaw that it isn't easier for users to add signing keys and re-lock the bootloader

    F-droid is not secure, some of the issues had been resolved, but it’s still not recommended for best practices

    This is another very binary statement about security. The article addresses a number of design issues with F-Droid and concludes that most users are better off getting apps from Google Play. I don't disagree with the design complaints in theory, but in practice it doesn't hold up. I've seen people get malware from Google Play and read a number of documented cases. I have never heard of malware in the official F-Droid repository.

    I'm reminded of comparing Windows to Linux 20 years ago. In theory, Windows had a more sophisticated permissions model and more reliable logging, making it potentially more secure. In practice, it took significant care to keep a Windows desktop clean, while Linux was very unlikely to be compromised.

    Of course someone with high-value secrets on their device or who's likely to be directly targeted by sophisticated threats should probably take a more conservative approach, install very few apps, and consider a hardened ROM like GrapheneOS.

    Zak ,
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    I did not know that it was possible to have root on GrapheneOS with a locked bootloader, but there have been ROMs with SU functionality built in, and adding their keys would be a straightforward way to have root and a locked bootloader.

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  • Zak ,
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    What issues? F-droid seems to be going strong as fast as I can tell.

    A single package not getting frequent updates could mean that package isn't being actively developed, but sometimes it just means there's no need five updates.

    Zak ,
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    That kind of drama comes up in projects every now and then. If the project's fundamentals are solid, either some people leave and the project continues, or the project gets forked and the new one becomes dominant.

    Zak ,
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    The number I've seen floating around a few places is that app users are, on average seven times more profitable than web users. Reasons include:

    • The app being on the device acts as a reminder to the user to interact more
    • It's easier for an app to send notifications to get users to open it and interact more (Android has reduced this by requiring permission; browsers required it long before)
    • There are more limited options for blocking ads in an app
    • There are more opportunities to collect data in an app

    Are there any good reasons for it, too? Security, maybe?

    Security for the user? Probably not. "Security" for the developer in that they can prevent people from using the app in ways that aren't profitable? Likely.

    Zak ,
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    I'm surprised users find the app store that compelling for a one-time "install" with updates not a factor. Do they cite any other reasons for wanting a different approach?

    Zak ,
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    I've found a refurbished Thinkpad one generation out of date to be a great midrange option.

    It does take careful research though since there are thousands of possible configurations and often subtle options that make a huge difference. One such option that made my recent purchase of a P14S III challenging was that there are two non-touch 1920x1200 displays, one of which has a crappy color gammut and less brightness.

    Zak ,
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    We could invert the question: why do people wherever you're contrasting use them more?

    Question for legal folks: Travel based abortion restrictions

    Texas and I believe a few other states have passed anti-abortion laws that attempt to cover people leaving their states to seek safe and legal abortions. The ones I’m familiar with (as I recall) applied to things like traveling on state-owned roads to seek an abortion out of state....

    Zak ,
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    My real question now is whether the defendant could state

    If you're being investigated by law enforcement in the USA, you have the right to remain silent. Use it.

    Zak ,
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    The US constitution forbids states from creating ex post facto crimes, and the jurisdiction of state laws does not extend into other states. Texas cannot make it a crime to have an abortion in California, nor to have previously had an abortion in California.

    Texas may be able to make it a crime to leave Texas for the purpose of having an abortion. That would make creating any evidence of the reason for travel, or providing explanations to authorities dangerous.

    Zak ,
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    Texas can however make it illegal to have drugs in your system while in Texas

    I'm not sure that's actually a crime in Texas (please link a law if you know of one), and using it as evidence of prior drug possession is legally iffy as this Ohio case shows. In your example of consuming cannabis in California before traveling to Texas, it would be an even more difficult case for Texas prosecutors.

    I don’t want the parole thing to confuse the issue

    It does though; parole can include restrictions like "pass random drug tests", "don't drink alcohol", etc... that can't be imposed on people without a prior criminal conviction. It's probably best to leave parole out of the discussion entirely.

    the concern is ipso facto the termination.

    When it comes to an abortion outside the state, the laws I'm aware of concern travel for the purpose of abortion. An alternate purpose for the travel could be useful as a defense, but that's best delivered by one's lawyer after charges are filed.

    Zak ,
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    Absolutely not.

    Dilettante gets used as an insult when someone wants to discredit the position of another for having insufficient dedication, credentials, or experience. People who really know what they're talking about address positions directly rather than the person who holds them.

    Zak ,
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    Countries have laws both protecting people who host content provided by third parties and imposing certain responsibilities on them when they become aware of illegal content hosted on their servers. Some of them, like Germany's NetzDG impose specific procedures for reporting (though no Lemmy server is large enough for NetzDG to apply). US laws about child pornography, for example are very specific about removal and reporting requirements, come with a risk of prison, and can include things that are legal other places such as cartoon drawings.

    Laws don't need to specifically address whether the content arrived via a federation mechanism or a user uploading it directly, only what a server owner must do once they're aware of illegal content on their server.

    Zak ,
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    Yes, most people in western Europe use Whatsapp. Yes, they have to download it before they can use it. Maybe some phones have it preinstalled, but most smartphone users do know how to download apps. More tech-savvy and privacy-conscious people often have Signal as well.

    Zak OP ,
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    It may be, but self-hosted isn't suitable for the audience I'm talking about.

    Zak OP ,
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    Nobody is interested in finding an RSS feed. People are interested in getting updates when writers they like post new writing, when bands they like post new tour dates, etc....

    One of the use cases I have in mind is styling an RSS feed as a web page and including a short explanation of how to use it. That comes with a need to suggest specific software.

    Zak OP ,
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    I'm coming at it from the opposite side; social media isn't a reasonable alternative to RSS, but people often use it as such. RSS is as you say, for getting updates from specific sources without being at the mercy of a third-party's recommendation algorithm.

    Zak OP ,
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    Unfortunately, Flym seems to be discontinued (according to its F-Droid entry). Google Play won't install it on newer versions of Android because it's built for older versions. I can't use it for this use case for that reason.

    Zak OP ,
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    It still installs and runs on Android 13, but Google Play won't give it to you. I'm going to assume from the username you don't need instructions.

    How will we ever get away from plastics when they are ubiquitous for safety

    Plastic seals food, sterile medical implements, medicine, beverages, etc... it's seems like plastic is used as a way to seal things safely. Post pandemic rising, I see even more. My work used to be have plastic utensils in the cafeteria, for example, an already wasteful thing. Now, post-2020, every fork, knife, and spoon is...

    Zak ,
    @Zak@lemmy.world avatar

    The primary concern with single-use plastics is not energy consumption but plastic waste. That, of course raises the question of how to weigh one kind of environmental harm against another, and I do not have a good answer.

    My instinct here is that not generating so much trash is the energy use in this case, but I can't prove that.

    Zak ,
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    It supports extra-fast charging only with its proprietary power supply.

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